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The Lone Ranger is a fictional masked former Texas Ranger who fought outlaws in the American Old West with his native American friend, Tonto. The character has been called an enduring icon of American culture.

He first appeared in 1933 in a radio show conceived either by WXYZ (Detroit) radio station owner George W. Trendle, or by Fran Striker, the show’s writer. The character was originally believed to be inspired by Texas Ranger Captain John R. Hughes, to whom the book The Lone Star Ranger by Zane Grey was dedicated in 1915. The radio series proved to be a hit and spawned a series of books (largely written by Striker), an equally popular television show that ran from 1949 to 1957, comic books, and several movies. The title character was played on the radio show by George Seaton, Earle Graser, and Brace Beemer. Clayton Moore acted the Lone Ranger on television, although during a contract dispute, Moore was replaced temporarily by John Hart, who wore a different style of mask. On the radio, Tonto was played by, among others, John Todd and Roland Parker; and in the television series, by Jay Silverheels, who was a Mohawk from the Six Nations Indian Reserve in Ontario, Canada.

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The Lone Ranger was named so because the character is the only survivor of a group of six Texas Rangers, rather than because he works alone (as he is usually accompanied by Tonto). While details differ, the basic story of the origin of the Lone Ranger is the same in most versions of the franchise. A posse of six members of the Texas Ranger Division pursuing a band of outlaws led by Bartholomew “Butch” Cavendish is betrayed by a civilian guide named Collins and is ambushed in a canyon named Bryant’s Gap. Later, an Indian named Tonto stumbles onto the scene and discovers one ranger is barely alive, and he nurses the man back to health. In some versions, Tonto recognizes the lone survivor as the man who saved his life when they both were children. According to the television series, when Tonto left the Reid place with a horse given him by the boy Reid, he gave Reid a ring and the name Kemo Sabe, which he said means “trusty scout”. Among the Rangers killed was the survivor’s older brother, Daniel Reid, who was a captain in the Texas Rangers and the leader of the ambushed group. To conceal his identity and honor his fallen brother, Reid fashions a black domino mask, from the material of his brother’s vest. To aid in the deception, Tonto digs a sixth grave and places at its head a cross bearing Reid’s name so that Cavendish and his gang would believe that all of the Rangers had been killed.

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In many versions Reid continues fighting for justice as The Lone Ranger even after the Cavendish gang is captured.

106 Daily strips 1938
344 Daily strips 1939
314 Daily strips 1940

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365 Daily strips 1941
315 Daily strips 1942

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316 Daily strips 1943
313 Daily strips 1944

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18 Daily stories

D001-Mystery At Pine River
D002-The Evil Spirit
D003-Bad Men Amuck
D004-Six Gun Saga
D005-Killer Round-up
D006-Pine Ridge Mystery
D007-The Land-grabbers
D008-The Covered Wagons
D009-The Buried Treasure
D010-The Renegade
D011-The Lone Ranger And The Big Dam
D012-No Title
D013-No Title
D014-No Title
D015-The Menace
D016-No Title
D017-Once A Crook
D018-No Title

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14 Daily stories

D019-Plotters In The Night
D020-Cave Of The Ghost
D021-A Deal In Wheat
D022-Western Code
D023-Trails Sudden End
D024-Grin Of Death
D025-Reward For A Masked Man
D026-The Newsprint Trail
D027-The Outlaw Warehouse
D028-Crook’s Carnival
D029-Mark Of The Tarantula
D030-The Boy In The North Country
D031-Wanted By The Mounties
D032-A Girl’s Peril

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10 Daily stories

D033-No Title
D034-The Skeleton
D035-The Secret Weapon
D036-Murder At Midnight
D037-The Pony Rider
D038-Word For The General
D039-No Title
D040-Blue Pebbles
D041-No Title
D042-Nothing But The Truth

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7 Sunday stories

S001-s002-the Lone Ranger Rides Again And The Smugglers
S003-s004-the Apache Attach-Justice Rides The Plains
S005-s006-the Pettingill Ghost-the Cattle Thieves
S007-s008-cave Of Trechery-claimJumpers
S009-s010-orphan Of Death-counterfeit Bullet
S018-s019-gold Swindle-blinded By Fury
S020-s021-manhunt-deathsHead

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